Thứ Hai, 27 tháng 7, 2020

Talking about your house in English!

Part 1:
Introducing where you live
Vocabularies:

Types of houses

An attached house




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A detached house



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Apartment/ Flat



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Apartment building/ block of flats = Condominium /ˌkɑːndəˈmɪniəm/ = condo



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Penthouse



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Duplex /ˈduːpleks/



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Studio apartment = bedsit



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Bungalow /ˈbʌŋɡəloʊ/



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Villa



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Palace /ˈpæləs/



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Locations:

Be located in = Be situated in
Example:
My house is located in Phan Thiet city
The suburbs /ˈsʌbɜːrb/



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Example:
I live in the suburbs
City centre
In the heart of the city
Outside the city
On the outskirts of the city
Village



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Countryside



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Part 2:

Describing the inside of your home

Types of rooms:

Bedroom
Guest bedroom



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Living room - sitting room



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Kitchen



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Dining room



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Game room



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Bathroom



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Basement /ˈbeɪsmənt/



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Nursery /ˈnɜːrsəri/



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Home Office



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Playroom



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Library /ˈlaɪbreri/ - Reading room



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Home gym room



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Storage room /ˈstɔːrɪdʒ/



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Utility room /juːˈtɪləti/



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Study room



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Garage /ɡəˈrɑːdʒ/



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Other vocabularies:

Driveway /ˈdraɪvweɪ/



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Alley /ˈæli/



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Front door # Back door
Doorbell

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Hallway/ Hall /ˈhɔːlweɪ/

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Corridor /ˈkɔːrɪdɔːr/
Roof /ruːf/

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Rooftop /ˈruːftɑːp/

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Elevator (US)/ lift (UK) /ˈelɪveɪtər/

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Escalator /ˈeskəleɪtər/

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Ceiling /ˈsiːlɪŋ/

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Floor - First floor/ second floor/ third floor...
Balcony /ˈbælkəni/

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Staircase/ stairs /ˈsterkeɪs/

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Upstairs # Downstairs
Wall
Wallpaper
Window
Yard /jɑːrd/

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Attic /ˈætɪk/

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Furniture

Armchair /ˈɑːrmtʃer/
Cupboard /ˈkʌbərd/

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Desk/ table
Double bed # Single bed

Double bed

Single bed
Dressing table

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Sofa
Sofa-bed

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Stool
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Mirror /ˈmɪrər/
Clock
Coat stand /ˈkoʊt stænd/

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Coffee table
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Bedside table
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Bookcase/ bookshelf
Chair
Alarm clock: /əˈlɑːrm klɑːk/
Television
Lamp

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Wardrobe /ˈwɔːrdroʊb/
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Part 3:

What do you like and dislike about your home

Adjectives to describe a house/ apartment

Positive adjectives: (What you like about your home)
  • Big
  • Beautiful
  • Comfortable
  • Cosy
  • Huge
  • Small
  • Homely
  • Old fashioned
  • Large
  • Wooden
  • Safe
  • Nice
  • Pleasant
  • Tiny
  • Fashionable
  • Lovely
  • Quiet/ peaceful
  • New
  • Modern
  • Ordinary/ regular
  • Spacious
  • Simple
  • Amazing
  • Solid
  • Tidy
  • Clean
  • Fully furnished
  • Cosy
  • Light
  • Warm
  • Cool
  • Convenient for
Example:
My house has 2 spacious bed rooms, a large kitchen with a comfortable dining table, a cozy living with big windows and a small but beautiful garden.
My apartment has 2 small bed rooms, 1 nice living room with a very big smart TV, 2 clean bath rooms, a tidy kitchen and a very nice balcony with a lovely view.
Negative adjectives: (What you don’t like about your home)
Small
Noisy
Dark
Ugly
Old
Uncomfortable
Inconvenient
Stuffy
Example:
I love my cosy apartment but sometimes it’s very noisy because there’s a restaurant downstairs


Idioms:

Hustle and bustle

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Part 4: Saying who you live with

I live with
my family/ husband/ wife...
my room mates/ friends...
by myself/ alone
Example:
I live in a shared house. I have 4 flatmates

Part 4:

Talking about your neighborhood

Your neighborhood is
quiet
lively
trendy
boring
Are there many shops/ cafes/ bars/ restaurants
Are there parks/ sports facilities
Example:
I live in a lively area in the city center. There’re lots of cafes, shops and places to go
I live in a quiet neighborhood in the suburb. It’s a new area and it’s nice but also quite boring. There isn’t really anything to do
How about your neighbors?
They are:
friendly
helpful
good
nice
kind
caring
talkative
indifferent

More vocabularies:

To arrange
To decorate
Convenient (adj)
Location (noun)
Neighbor (noun) - neighborhood
To argue /ˈɑːrɡjuː/ = To quarrel /ˈkwɑːrəl/
To get along with someone
Example:
I really get along with everyone in my family, I don’t often argue with them.
A dream house
Pet (noun)
To plant flowers and trees in the garden
To raise - To raise fish
Mini swimming pool
Basket ball court
Ping pong table
Bad - worse - the worst
To be homesick (carsick/ seasick/ airsick/ lovesick)
To design
Interior /ɪnˈtɪriər/ (adjective) # Exterior
Landscape
Ideal (adj) /aɪˈdiːəl/
Atmosphere (noun)
Pure air
Facilities /fəˈsɪləti/ (noun)
Spacious (adj) /ˈspeɪʃəs/
Scenic /ˈsiːnɪk/ (adj)
Attached /əˈtætʃt/ # Detached /dɪˈtætʃt/ (adjective)
To hold a party = to throw a party
Refrigerator /rɪˈfrɪdʒəreɪtər/ = fridge
Electric stove /stoʊv/
Sink
A woody table
A lovely view

Warm up conversations:

Conversation 1:
Rufus: Do you live in a house? or an apartment?
Angel: I live in a house.
Rufus: Is it an attached or a detached house?
Angel: It’s an attached house
Rufus: Where is your house?
Angel: It’s in the suburb
Rufus: Is your house small or big?
Angel: It’s a small house
Rufus: How many rooms are there in your house?
Angel: There’re 5 rooms in my house/ My house has 5 rooms.
They are 2 bed rooms, 1 living room, 2 bath rooms, 1 kitchen and a small garden.
Rufus: What’s your favorite room?
Angel: My favorite room is my bed room
Rufus: Why do you like it?
Angel: I like my bed room because it’s very quiet and peaceful. The color of my bed room is white and I love it. The decoration/ design is quite nice. There’s a big window in my bed room, I can see the garden view from the window and I can hear the birds singing in the very early morning. I often relax in my bed room like listening to music, watching movies, reading books before I sleep.
Rufus: Who do you live with?
Angel: I live with my parents.
Conversation 2:
Troy: Do you live in a house or an apartment?
Hana: I live in an apartment
Troy: What kind of apartment do you live in?
Hana: I live in a studio apartment/ one bed room apartment/ 2 bed rooms apartment...
Troy: Where is your apartment?
Hana: It’s in the city center.
Troy: Is it big or small?
Hana: It’s a big apartment. It’s about 100 square meters.
Troy: How many rooms are there in your apartment?
Hana: There’re 6 rooms in my apartment. They are 2 bed rooms, 1 living room, 2 bath rooms, 1 kitchen, 1 dinning room and a very nice balcony.
Troy: What’s your favorite room?
Hana: My favorite room is the dinning room
Troy: Why do you like it?
Hana: I like my the dinning room because my family often have breakfast/ lunch or dinner together, we share anything about study, hobbies, job, travel...together. My mom always cook very delicious food for everyone and we usually have a lot of fun together.

Warm up questions - Describe your house:


  1. Do you live in a house or an apartment? -> I Live in ...
  2. How many rooms are there in your house? -> There are ...
  3. What is your favorite room in your house? Why? -> My favorite room is... /I like it because...
  4. Do you like the location of your home? Why? -> Yes/ No because...
  5. What is the color of your front door?
  6. Which room do you spend most of the time in?
  7. What are in your bedroom? There’s a single bed, a bedside table, a small table...
  8. What do you like about your home? What don't you like?
  9. Who do you live with? I live with ...
  10. Do you do housework? What housework do you usually do? I often clean/ sweep the floors, do the dishes, do the laundry...
  11. Do you like to keep pets in your home? Why? -> Yes/ No because...
  12. Do you have a nice garden at your home?
  13. Do you plant flowers and trees in your garden?
  14. Do you help your mother/father to water those plants/flowers?
  15. Do you raise fish in your home? If so, what type of fish?
  16. Do you have a mini swimming pool in your home? A basket ball court? or A ping pong table?...
  17. What does your living room look like?
  18. What is your dream house?

Further practice by answering these following questions:

  1. How are your neighbors? -> They are kind/ friendly/ nice/ helpful/ useful/ talkative/ lovely...
  2. Do you get along well with your neighbors?
  3. What things in your home can't you live without? -> I can’t live without...
  4. Draw/describe your dream house (money is no problem) where, materials, design, interior, landscaping etc
  5. Have you ever been homesick?
  6. What are your hobbies at home?
  7. Can you borrow money from a bank? Is it easy to buy and sell houses?
  8. Is it better to rent or buy? Give reasons for your answer.
  9. Make a list of the 10 most important things you would look for when choosing a house to live in.
  10. Which are the advantages and disadvantages of living in a small house/flat/apartment? And living in a big one?
  11. Do you like being at home alone?
  12. What are the differences between a house and a home?
  13. Are you a stay-at-home person or a going-out person?
  14. Do you or would you like to own your own home?
  15. Do you get jealous of other people’s homes?
  16. Would you like to work at home?

Example 1:
I live in a 2 floor house. It has 2 bedrooms, a living room, a small kitchen and a garden. It’s cosy and convenient for getting to work/ school, but it’s a bit cramped, especially when we have guests. I live with my wife and daughter. Our house is near the city center, in a quiet neighborhood. There isn’t much to do, but there are some small shops and a park where we go if the weather’s nice.
Example 2:
I live by myself in a studio apartment. It has just one main room, with a tiny kitchen. It’s very warm in winter, but it can get a bit stuffy in summer. I live in the city center, very close to everything. It’s very lively, with lots of bars and restaurants. It’s a good place for young people to live, but not many families choose to live here.
Example 3:
Hello, today I'm going to talk to you about my house. My house is in London. It is a detached house.
Downstairs there's a utility room where we keep the washing machine, the drier and a freezer. Also downstairs there's a kitchen, living room and a bathroom. The kitchen is quite big, it has a dining table where we eat, so we don't have a separate dining room. There's the living room, where we usually sit and watch TV.
We have a nice garden, we usually sit and look at the garden and watch the wildlife in the garden. Even though we live in a city our garden has chickens, ducks, rabbits, squirrels and lots of different birds.
Upstairs there are two big bedrooms, two small bedrooms, a bathroom and a study where my husband has his computer and where he works. We moved to this house in the year 2000 and we are quite happy here. It's near the station and very convenient for the shops. What about your house? What's it like.
Example 4:
For now, I’m living in an apartment with my two other friends. It is right in the heart of the city with a lot of hustle and bustle. At night the streets are crowded with people from all over the city. It’s not very spacious but there is enough room for me to study. However, this is not my dream house.
To be honest, the location and the surroundings of my dream house is very important. I’ve always been fascinated by mountains and the clean cool air. I’d feel positive and lively to wake up looking outside at the windows and there are magnificent range of mountains and the chilling atmosphere. In this respect, I imagine my dream house to be located somewhere high, far away from the city crowd and pollutions.
To describe my house regarding the design, I want it to be as simple as possible. I’m not into fancy and modern type of architecture, something simple and functional should just be perfect. It would be a Cottage with one bedroom, a living room and a bathroom. The living room should be the biggest one, it’s where all of my entertainment activities alone or with my friend take place. There will also be trees and plant decorated around the house.

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