Thứ Hai, 27 tháng 12, 2021

Talking about Gym!

Warm up questions:

  1. Are you a sporty person?

  2. What kind of sport do you like?

  3. What kind of sport do you dislike?

  4. Do you do any morning exercise?

  5. How often do you work out?

  6. Who do you usually work out with?

  7. Where do you usually work out?

  8. Do you think it’s important to work out regularly?


Sport and exercise actions:

to walk

to run

to sit

to lie down

to stretch

to bend

to jump

to hop

to skip

to kneel

to bounce

to serve

to pass

to dribble

to shoot

to catch

to hit

to throw

Essential exercises  /ɪˈsenʃəl/

  • Squat  /skwɑːt/

  • Jumping jack(US) = star jump(UK)

  • Plank  /plæŋk/

  • Crunch  /krʌntʃ/

  • Reverse crunch

  • Bicycle crunch

  • V crunch

  • Russian twist

  • Sprinter sit-ups

  • Glute bridge /ɡluːt brɪdʒ/

  • Mountain climber

  • Inchworm

  • Flutter kicks  /ˈflʌt̬ɚ kɪk/

  • Donkey kicks /ˈdɑːŋki kɪk/

  • Lunge  /lʌndʒ/

  • Burpee /ˈbɝːpiː/

  • High knees

  • Butt kicks

  • Invisible jump rope

Working out:

Go running/jogging

Go swimming 

Do brisk walking

Do yoga

Do pilates

Do aerobics /erˈoʊbɪks/ 

Do push-ups

Do pull-ups

Do sit-ups


Do up-downs

Do cardio 

Do bench-presses 

Do plank 

Bulk up/ build muscle 

Lift weight

Junkie  /ˈdʒʌŋki/

   Ex. Are you a fitness junkie? You come to the gym every single day!

Fitness training/ program

   Ex. Fitness training sessions vary from anything between 30 and 60 minutes.

Training/ exercise routine

   Ex. Having an exercise routine and a healthy life became his lifestyle.

Circuit training

   Ex. Traditionally, the time between exercises in circuit training is short, often with rapid movement to the next exercise.

Endurance  /ɪnˈdʊrəns/

   Ex. Running a marathon is a test of human endurance.

Flexibility /ˌfleksəˈbɪlət̬i/

   Ex. You can improve your flexibility by exercising.

Motion  /ˈmoʊʃən/

   Ex. She moved her finger in a circular motion.


   Ex. Some neck injuries cause total loss of mobility.

Soreness /ˈsɔːrnəs/

   Ex. All of the runners experienced muscle soreness and weakness for several days.

Stiffness  /ˈstɪfnəs/

   Ex. I had some muscle stiffness after the bike ride.

To increase  /ɪnˈkriːs/

   Ex.The number of people living alone increases each year. 

Gentle workout

   Ex. Firstly, a gentle workout can help you to improve your condition.

Strenuous session/ exercices   /ˈstrenjuəs/

   Ex. After you have properly warmed up, you can start with the more strenuous exercises.



   Ex. How much does a weekly / monthly membership cost? 

Gym instructor  /ɪnˈstrʌktɚ/

   Ex. Each celebrity has a private gym instructor, because they must keep fit.

Fee  /fiː/

   Ex. The entrance fee is 20$.

Gym  /dʒɪm/

   Ex. You should join a gym, if you want to keep fit.

Sauna /ˈsanə/

   Ex. My gym membership includes the sauna. It's so cool!

In shape ## out of shape

   Ex. She is so in shape! She goes to the gym 5 times a week and does yoga at night.

Weight loss  /ˈweɪt ˌlɑːs/

   Ex. Weight loss can be achieved by balancing a healthy level of physical activity with eating a nutritious diet.

Junk food  ## healthy food

   Ex. If eating junk food is so bad for us, what makes it so hard to resist them?

Whole foods  /hoʊl fuːd/

   Ex. A whole foods diet emphasizes eating and cooking with foods that are fresh, and as close as possible to their natural state.

Facilities  /fəˈsɪlət̬iz/

   Ex. What sport facilities do you have?


   Ex. I wish my arms weren’t so flabby. 


   Ex. My sister has perfectly toned arms. 


   Ex. What’s the fastest way to get six-pack abs?

Spare tire  /ˌsper ˈtaɪr/

   Ex. I’m trying to get rid of my spare tire by doing plank daily.

In a row /roʊ/

   Ex. My goal is to do 100 push-ups in a row. 

Day-in day-out 

   Ex. It's really boring living in hotels day-in day-out.


   Ex. A cup of warm milk is my tried-and-true way to deal with insomnia.


  • neck

  • deltoids = delts  /ˈdeltɔɪdz/

  • biceps  /ˈbaɪseps/

  • chest

  • abs  /æbz/

  • quadriceps  /ˈkwɑːdrəˌseps/

  • trapezius  /trəˈpiːziəs/ -  trapezii(UK)/trapeziuses (pl)

  • triceps  /ˈtraɪseps/

  • back

  • forearms /ˈfɔːr ɑːrm/

  • hamstrings  /ˈhæmstrɪŋ/

  • calf  /kæf/ - calves (pl) 


  • barbell /ˈbɑːrbel/

  • kettlebell  /ˈket̬əlbel/

  • dumbbell  /ˈdʌmbel/

  • pull-up bar = chin-up bar (US)

  • stationary bike (US) = exercise bike

  • elliptical  /iˈlɪptɪkəl/

  • treadmill  /ˈtredmɪl/

  • stair-climber

  • rowing machine

  • exercise ball

  • step

  • foam roller

  • mat

  • skipping rope

  • punching bag

  • squat rack  /skwɑːt ræk/

More useful phrases:

To be full of beans

   Ex. Doing yoga in the morning helps me to be full of beans all day long.

To slim down = to shed pounds

  Ex. I think I look too fat. It's time to slim down a little. 

To burn fat

   Ex. Excuse me, what equipment can I use to burn fat?  

To sign up

    Ex. If you sign up for 6 months, we give you a 20% discount. 

To run a class

   Ex. Do you run yoga classes?

To work out

   Ex. I always work out in the morning, when I have the most energy. 

To work on 

   Ex. What can you recommend to work on my abs?

To warm up

  Ex. Where is a place for warming up? 

To cool down

   Ex. She likes to cool down with a light jog and some stretching.

To shape up

   Ex. I’ve been eating too much junk food this year. I need to go to the gym and shape up. 

To pull a muscle

   Ex. Be careful not to pull a muscle.

To catch a breath

   Ex. Just a minute! I need to catch my breath.

To feel the burn

   Ex. I added some extra weight to really feel the burn. 

To pump the iron

   Ex. My muscles are getting bigger because I have been pumping lots of iron. 

Some fun facts about exercising

1/ Listening to music while exercising can improve workout performance by 15%.

2/  Cardio exercise helps create new brain cells and improves brain performance.

3/ Exercising increases the production of cells that are responsible for learning and memory.

4/ The more muscle mass you have, the more fat your body burns while resting.

5/ If you exercise 3 times a week for 45 minutes, you can help prevent signs of aging.

6/ Exercising regularly helps boost your immune system. This means you’ll get sick less often than people who don’t exercise.

7/ Sweat releases dirt through your pores, which reduces acne and breakouts. Workouts improve the overall look of your skin.

8/ Exercising increases the number of endorphins that are released into your body and increases productivity.

9/ If you are someone who has trouble sleeping or staying asleep, then working out is your answer. Exercise helps to clear your head and helps you feel relaxed.


  1. How often do you work out?

  2. When do you usually work out?

  3. Do you prefer to work out at home or at the gym? Why?

  4. Is it expensive to buy a gym membership in your country?

  5. Do you think that buying a gym membership is worth it or not?

  6. Who do you usually work out with?

  7. Do you have any training plan?

  8. How long do you need to work out for?

  9. Do you like listening to music while working out?

  10. What type of training do I need to do to lose weight?

  11. What type of training do I need to do to increase muscle mass?

  12. What type of training do I need to get stronger?

  13. How long does it usually take to see results of regular training?

  14. What’s your top 5 favourite exercise?

  15. How do you usually warm up?

  16. How often do you need to rest?

  17. What usually helps you to cool down?

  18. What do you often do about muscle soreness?

  19. Is it necessary to be on a diet or is working out enough to keep fit?

  20. Does exercise help mental health? How?

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