Warm up questions:
1. Is COVID-19 caused by a virus or a bacteria?
2. What does COVID-19 stand for?
3. When was COVID-19 first identified?
4. Which organs are most affected by COVID-19?
5. How does the virus spread?
6. What are the symptoms of COVID-19?
7. Is it safe in your neighborhood?
8. Have you ever been tested for COVID-19?
9. Have you ever been vaccinated yet?
10. How do you protect yourself?
11. Do you often keep yourself updated with news about Coronavirus in your local area/ country and other nations too?
Disease /dɪˈziːz/ (n)
To cause /kɔːz/
To be caused
A doctor told him that this condition was caused by excess consumption of roasted and fried food.
Hand sanitizer /ˈhænd sænɪtaɪzər/ (n)
Do you often use hand sanitizer?
Close Contact (n)
She's a close contact, so she needs to be tested for COVID-19.
To originate /əˈrɪdʒɪneɪt/
The disease is thought to have originated in the tropics
The disease spreads easily
World Health Organization - WHO
The WHO declared COVID-19 a pandemic.
Animal diseases can potentially pass to humans at any animal-human interface such as a zoo, farm or animal market.
Some people may carry coronavirus without knowing it.
People who are asymptomatic can still be carriers
Many diseases are transmitted through physical contact.
Transmission of many diseases can be direct or indirect.
Community spread = community transmission (n)
With this many new positive cases, the evidence suggests that we now have community spread right here in our county.
Contact tracing (n)
By insisting on strict contact tracing as soon as someone was potentially infected, they managed to control the spread of the disease.
But can it infect human beings?
Infected (adj/ past participle)
They were able to cure the infected left lung before the infection could spread to the right lung.
Breast milk can help protect babies against various infections
Infectious (adj) = Contagious
Avoid the dogs as they may still be infectious.
Contagious /kənˈteɪdʒəs/ (adj)
Patients who are still contagious are kept in isolation.
To diagnose /ˌdaɪəɡˈnəʊs/
The test is used to diagnose a variety of diseases.
Diagnosis /ˌdaɪəɡˈnəʊsɪs/ (n)
Only a medical professional can properly diagnose the cause of your problem
Symptom /ˈsɪmptəm/ (n)
Symptoms include a headache and sore throat.
Symptomatic /ˌsɪmptəˈmætɪk/ (adj)
Typical symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, coughing, and shortness of breath.
Some symptoms of Coronavirus
He has a cough
She has a cold
He has a runny nose
She has a fever
He has a temperature
What's his temperature?
His temperature is 39 degrees
5. Body ache /eɪk/
Her body hurts
6. Fatigue /fəˈtiːɡ/
He's very tired
7. Difficulty breathing
It's hard for her to breathe
Asymptomatic /ˌeɪsɪmptəˈmætɪk/ (adj)
She had no idea her husband had coronavirus because he was asymptomatic.
Measure (n) = actions/ steps
The health authorities took various measures
Droplet /ˈdrɑːplət/ (n)
Health care personnel wear protective clothing to guard against the disease carried in droplets when infected people sneeze or cough.
Epidemic /ˌepɪˈdemɪk/ (n)
The city was devastated by an epidemic of cholera in the 19th century.
Just after the First World War there was a pandemic of flu which killed up to 40 million people worldwide.
To flatten the curve
How to flatten the curve on Coronavirus.
Social distancing (n)
Authorities hope that by introducing social distancing they will be able to flatten the curve and avoid hospitals being rapidly overwhelmed with new cases.
Herd immunity /hɜːrd ɪˈmjuːnəti/ (n)
This virus is unlike the seasonal flu because there is currently no vaccine or herd immunity, he said.
Incubation period /ˌɪŋkjuˈbeɪʃn/ (n)
When they know the incubation period they will know how long to keep people in quarantine.
They will isolate anyone suspected of having the disease.
The prime minister's wife has tested positive for COVID-19 and the couple are now self-isolating and working by phone and Skype.
Travelers arriving from the infected area were immediately put in isolation.
Sweden was one of the few countries that did not impose blanket lockdowns.
Having small children tends to restrict your freedom
There are no restrictions on the amount of money you can withdraw
To ban large gatherings
International flights are banned
To seal the borders = to close the borders
To seal borders
To avoid contact with others
To stock up (on groceries/ on food/ on toilet paper...) - positive way
People stock up on groceries before the lockdowns.
To hoard (goods/ food/ valuable things...) - negative way
There would be enough food on a daily basis if people were not hoarding.
To shut = to close
Due to Coronavirus, many companies have been shut down.
To panic /ˈpænɪk/
Don't panic! Everything will be okay.
Essential businesses # Non essential businesses
The authorities shut non essential businesses.
All of the schools have been cancelled due to Coronavirus
Many events have been postponed.
The governments are trying to control the virus
To contain the transmission = To control the spread
To develop the symptoms
When you're infected, maybe at first you don't have any symptoms but you may develop symptoms later
We should protect the vulnerable
To hunker down
We hunkered down in the cellar while the storm raged outside.
To livestream a press conference
Test kit (n)
Do you know how to use a test kid?
The cases of Coronavirus in Vietnam have been reducing recently.
She tested positive. It's a confirmed case.
The recovered cases were 55 according to the statistics.
Health system (n)
The health system in Vietnam has been overwhelming during Coronuavirus.
Mandatory /ˈmændətɔːri/ (adj)
It's mandatory for him to be in isolation.
Voluntary /ˈvɑːlənteri/ (adj)
It's voluntary to work from home.
COVID-19 can be fatal
a fatal accident/blow/illness
Unprecedented /ʌnˈpresɪdentɪd/ (adj) = never done or known before
The situation is unprecedented in modern times.
Concerned (about) /kənˈsɜːrnd/ (adj)
I'm really concerned about my health/ family/ job.
He's always concerned about money.
Factual /ˈfæk.tʃu.əl/ (adj)
Parents should give factual information about Coronavirus to their children, not so emotional or exaggerated
To deal with = to cope with
What do you often do to cope with your stress?
Deal with your own anxiety about Coronavirus
Face mask (n)
The World Health Organization have historically offered varying advice on whether or when people should wear face masks.
To vaccinate /ˈvæksɪneɪt/
I was vaccinated against COVID-19
A vaccine for cholera was invented in 1879.
Have you had your flu vax this year?
Some anti-vaxxers are against vaccines on religious grounds and others just believe vaccines are dangerous to health.
Novel (adj) = new & original
A novel idea/suggestion
Until they gave it a name, they mostly referred to COVID-19 as novel coronavirus (ncovid)
Outbreak /ˈaʊtbreɪk/ (n)
There was an outbreak in Wuhan, China.
Pathogen /ˈpæθədʒən/ (n)
Fortunately, most pathogens are dealt with by the body's immune system.
Patient zero (n)
Authorities usually try to determine who patient zero was in any given outbreak as can help answer important questions about how, when and why it started.
PCR test - PCR = polymerase chain reaction
The PCR test is one of the tools that doctors use to diagnose certain coronavirus diseases.
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
Much of the PPE worn by doctors and nurses has to be worn once only and destroyed after use.
In January an infected American woman returning home from China transmitted the virus to her husband, marking the first known example of person-to-person spread of the virus in the USA
Quarantine /ˈkwɔːrəntiːn/ (n)
Self - quarantine
The dog was kept in quarantine for six months.
Screening /ˈskriːnɪŋ/ (n)
They now conduct screening for all incoming passengers.
Superspreader /ˈsuːpərspredər/ (n)
One so-called "superspreader" in South Korea infected at least 37 people at her church with the virus.
Test negative/ Test positive
The President is pleased to announce that he has tested negative for the virus.
Doctors cannot currently treat COVID-19 directly and instead concentrate on relieving symptoms.
There is currently no specific antiviral treatment for COVID-19, and infected patients receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms.
To stuck /stʌk/
Try to do something useful when you stuck at home during Coronavirus.
Antibiotics cannot be used to treat viral infections because they don't kill viruses, only bacteria.
Like all diseases caused by viruses, the common cold cannot be cured with antibiotics.
Zoonotic /ˌzuː.əˈnɑː.t̬ɪk/ (adj)
To protect yourself from zoonotic diseases it's best to avoid bites and scratches from animals.
Maintain social distancing
Do not contact with sick people
Wash hands frequently with soap
Use hand sanitizer
Avoid touching face, mouth, nose, eyes
Cough or sneeze into a tissue.
Cough or sneeze into the bend of our elbow
Do not visit the vulnerable people (elderly/ unwell/ weak)
Work from home (WFH)
Get close to others
Go out socially
Large groups/ crowds
Stay at home
Work from home
Keep in touch with other people by phone/ video calls
To reduce the chances of catching the virus
To reduce the chances of passing it to others
What can we do? Let's...
Make the most of our time
Take care of ourselves
Be kind to each other
What can you say to others?
More practice questions about Corona virus:
1. Can coronaviruses be transmitted from person to person?
2. What can you do to protect yourself?
3. Do you always wear your mask when you go out in public?
4. Do you often wash your hands? How often? and how? (by soap and water or by hand sanitizer?) And where can you buy hand sanitizer?
5. Are there many community cases in your local area/ town/ city? Do you know how many community cases everyday in your town?
6. What areas do you think the virus is easily spread/ transmitted? (markets/ ports/ beaches...)
7. Do you know the difference between an epidemic and a pandemic?
8. Do you what social distancing is? What should we do? and shouldn't do to apply social distancing? and why?
9. Does government impose blanket lockdown on your city?
10. Do you think blanket lockdown is effective? Or we should impose lockdown on only affected areas?
11. What does government ban people doing during Coronavirus?
12. Do you stock up on groceries and food during Coronavirus? What do you think about people who try to hoard a lot of food during the pandemic?
13. Does pandemic affect on your study/ work/ business a lot? Can you give some examples?
14. Can you tell me some essential businesses and non essential businesses?
15. Do you have any test kit at home? Do you know how to use it?
16. How long is the Coronavirus incubation period?
17. How do you deal/ cope with stress during Covid-19?