Thứ Ba, 25 tháng 4, 2023

Talking about Beauty and Spa - Nail Care! (Part 2)

 Warm-up questions: 

  1. Do you take care of your nails regularly?

  2. How often do you get a manicure or pedicure?

  3. What is your favorite nail polish color?

  4. Do you prefer long or short nails? Why?

  5. Have you ever tried nail art? If so, what design did you choose?

  6. How do you keep your nails healthy and strong?

  7. Do you have any favorite nail care products or brands?

  8. Have you ever had acrylic or gel nails? If so, did you like them?

  9. How do you remove your nail polish? Do you use a specific type of remover?

  10. What are some tips you have for maintaining beautiful nails?


Nail care /neɪl kɛr/ (noun)

Example: Good nail care involves keeping your nails clean, moisturized, and trimmed.

Manicure /ˈmanɪˌkjʊr/ (noun)

A manicure is a beauty treatment for the hands and nails, which typically involves filing and shaping the nails, pushing back the cuticles, and applying nail polish.

Pedicure /ˈpedɪˌkjʊr/ (noun)

Example: My mom and I went for a pedicure to pamper our tired feet after a long day of shopping.

Cuticle /ˈkyo͞otəkəl/ (noun)

Example: It's important to be gentle when pushing back your cuticles to avoid injuring the nail bed.

Nail file /neɪl faɪl/ (noun)

Example: I always carry a nail file in my purse in case I chip a nail while I'm out.

Buffer /ˈbʌfər/ (noun)

Buffer: A tool used to smooth the surface of the nails and create a shine.

Nail polish /ˈneɪl pɒlɪʃ/ (noun)

Example: I love wearing bright and colorful nail polish in the summer.

Base coat /beɪs koʊt/ (noun)

Example: It's important to apply a base coat before painting your nails with a dark color to prevent yellowing.

Top coat /tɒp koʊt/ (noun)

Example: A good top coat can extend the life of your nail polish by several days.

Polish remover /ˈpɒlɪʃ  rɪˈmuːvə(r)/ (noun)

Example: I always make sure to have nail polish remover on hand in case I need to remove my polish quickly.

Nail clippers /neɪl ˈklipərz/ (noun)

Example: I use nail clippers to trim my nails every two weeks.

Cuticle pusher //ˈkjuːtɪklˈpʊʃər/ (noun)

Example: A cuticle pusher is a great tool to use after soaking your nails in warm water to soften the cuticles.

Cuticle oil /ˈkjuːtɪkl oɪl/ (noun)

Example: I like to apply cuticle oil to my nails before bed to keep my cuticles looking healthy.

Nail brush /neɪl brʌʃ// (noun)

Example: I use a nail brush to scrub my nails after gardening to remove any dirt that may be trapped under them.

Nail art /neɪl ɑːt/ (noun)

Example: I love experimenting with different nail art designs to express my creativity.

Acrylic nails /əˈkrilik neɪlz/ (noun)

Example: Some people prefer acrylic nails because they are more durable than natural nails.

Gel nails /dʒel neɪlz/ (noun)

Example: Gel nails are a popular option for people who want long-lasting, chip-resistant nails.

UV lamp juːˈviː læmp/ (noun)

I need to use the UV lamp to dry my gel nail polish.

Nail glue /neɪl ɡluː/ (noun)

 I accidentally broke my nail, so I used nail glue to fix it.

Nail tips /neɪl tips/ (noun)

She added some nail tips to her natural nails to make them longer.

Nail extension /neɪl ɪkˈstɛnʃən/ (noun)

Nail salon /neɪl səˈlɑːn/ (noun)

 I'm going to the nail salon to get a pedicure.

Nail technician /neɪl tɛkˈnɪʃən/ (noun)

 The nail technician did a great job on my nails.

Soak-off /soʊk ɔːf/ (noun)

 I'm going to soak-off my acrylic nails today.

Nail strengthener / neɪl ˈstreŋθənər/ (noun)

I'm using a nail strengthener to help my nails grow stronger.

Nail wraps /neɪl ræps/ (noun)

 She used nail wraps to create a cool design on her nails.

Nail drill /neɪl drɪl/ (noun)

The nail technician used a nail drill to file my nails.

Nail shaping /neɪl ˈʃeɪpɪŋ/ (noun)

I prefer a round shape for my nails.

Nail tools /neɪl tuːlz/ (noun)

 The nail technician used many different nail tools during my manicure.

Hangnail /ˈhæŋˌneɪl/ (noun)

I hate it when I get a hangnail, it's so painful.

Nail fungus /neɪl ˈfʌŋɡəs/ (noun)

 She went to the doctor to treat her nail fungus.

Nail infection /neɪl ɪnˈfɛkʃən/ (noun)

 I had to go to the hospital because of a nail infection.

Ingrown toenail /ˈɪnɡroʊn ˈtoʊneɪl/ (noun)

Brittle nails /ˈbritl neɪlz/ (noun)

Nail growth /neɪl ɡroʊθ/ (noun)

 I need to file my nails because I have ridges on them.

Nail plate /neɪl pleɪt/ (noun)

Nail ridges /neɪl ˈrɪdʒɪz/ (noun)

Nail primer /neɪl ˈpraɪmər/ (noun)

 The nail technician applied a coat of primer to help the nail polish last longer.

Nail repair /neɪl rəˈper/ (noun)

 My nails were damaged, so I used a nail repair kit to fix them

Nail lacquer /neɪl ˈlakər/ (noun)

 She chose a bright red nail lacquer for her manicure.

Nail drying /neɪl ˈdraɪɪŋ/ (noun)

I have to wait for my nails to dry before I can do anything with my hands.

Nail soak /neɪl soʊk/ (noun)

Soaking my nails in warm water helped to soften my cuticles.

Nail dipping powder /neɪl  dɪp ˈpaʊdər/ (noun)

She prefers using nail dipping powder over traditional nail polish.

Nail separator /neɪl ˈsepəreɪtər/ (noun)

The nail separator helped to prevent her nails from touching while they dried.

Nail stencils /neɪl ˈstensl/ (noun)

 She used nail stencils to create a fun design on her nails.

Nail stickers /neɪl ˈstikərz/ (noun)

 The nail stickers added a pop of color to her manicure.

Nail gems /neɪl ʤemz/ (noun)

 She added some sparkly nail gems to her nails for a special occasion.

Nail rhinestones /neɪl ˈˈraɪnstəʊn/ (noun)

The nail salon had a variety of rhinestones to choose from to decorate her nails


  1. Shape /ʃeɪp/ : Please shape my nails into a round oval.

  1. Polish /ˈpɑlɪʃ/ She applied a shiny red polish to her toenails

  1. Apply /əˈplaɪ/ You need to apply a base coat before putting on your nail color

  2. Remove /rɪˈmuːv/ Use a nail polish remover to remove the old color

  3. Strengthen /ˈstrɛŋθən/ Regular use of a nail strengthener can help prevent breakage

  4. Moisturize /ˈmɔɪstʃəˌraɪz/ Don't forget to moisturize your hands and nails with a good lotion

  5. Dry /draɪ/Let your nails dry completely before doing anything else.

  6. Trim /trɪm/ My nails are getting too long, I need to trim them.

  7. Buff /bʌf/ Use a nail buffer to smooth out any ridges or bumps

  8. Paint /peɪnt/ She loves to paint intricate designs on her nails

  9. Massage /məˈsɑːʒ/ Treat yourself to a hand massage to help relax and soften your hands

  10. Soak /soʊk/ Soak your nails in warm soapy water to soften your cuticles

  11. Protect /prəˈtɛkt/ Always wear gloves when cleaning to protect your nails and hands

  12. Grow /ɡroʊ/ She is taking biotin supplements to help her nails grow longer and stronger

  13. Strengthen /ˈstrɛŋθən/ 

  14. Buff /bʌf/

  15. Exfoliate /ɪkˈsfəʊliˌeɪt/

  16. Massage /məˈsɑːʒ/


  1. How do you prevent your nails from breaking or chipping?

  2. What type of nail file do you use? (metal, glass, or emery board)

  3. How often do you trim and shape your nails?

  4. Do you use a base coat before applying nail polish? Why or why not?

  5. What is your opinion on nail extensions, such as acrylic or gel nails?

  6. How do you keep your cuticles moisturized and healthy?

  7. What is your go-to method for drying your nails after applying polish?

  8. Do you have any experience with nail wraps or nail stickers?

  9. What are your thoughts on nail trends like chrome, holographic, or matte finishes?

  10. How do you deal with hangnails or ingrown nails?

  11. What are some of your favorite nail care tools or accessories?

  12. Do you prefer at-home nail care or visiting a nail salon? Why?

  13. How do you choose the right nail polish shade for your skin tone?

  14. How often do you clean your nail tools and accessories?

  15. What is your opinion on nail art? Do you think it's a form of self-expression?

  16. What type of nail polish remover do you prefer: acetone or non-acetone?

  17. Do you have any experience with dipping powder nails? If so, did you like them?

  18. How do you maintain your nails between salon visits?

  19. What are your favorite nail polish brands?

  20. What is your nail care routine?

  21. How do you strengthen weak or brittle nails?

  22. How do you prevent or treat nail infections?

  23. Have you ever used nail treatments like nail strengtheners or growth serums?

  24. What are some nail care tips you've learned over the years?

  25. How do you match your nail color to your outfit or the season?

  26. Do you think that nail care is an essential part of personal grooming? Why or why not?

  27. What are your thoughts on nail care for men? Should they take care of their nails too?

  28. How do you store your nail polishes and nail care products?

  29. Have you ever tried using nail stencils or other nail art tools?

  30. Do you prefer natural nails or artificial nails? Why?


Conversations at a nail salon:

Conversation 1:

Nail technician: Hi there! What can I do for you today?

Customer: I'd like a pedicure, please. Just a basic one with a nail polish color of my choice.

Nail technician: Of course, we have a variety of colors to choose from. Do you have any specific color in mind?

Customer: Not really, I usually go for a classic red, but I'm open to trying something new.

Nail technician: Great! We can take a look at the colors and see what catches your eye. Would you like to add any extras, like a foot massage or scrub?

Customer: No, I'm good with just the basic pedicure today.

Nail technician: Alright, let's get started. Please take a seat and soak your feet in the water. I'll be right back.

Conversation 2:

Customer: Hi, I'm interested in getting acrylic nails. Can you tell me more about the process?

Nail technician: Sure! Acrylic nails are artificial nails that are applied using a liquid and powder mixture. We'll start by preparing your natural nails by buffing them and applying a primer. Then, we'll apply the acrylic mixture to your nails and shape them to your desired length and style. Finally, we'll finish with a top coat and any nail polish color you like.

Customer: Sounds like a lot of steps. How long does the whole process usually take?

Nail technician: It can take anywhere from one to two hours, depending on how elaborate you want your nails to be. But don't worry, we'll walk you through each step of the process and make sure you're comfortable.

Customer: Okay, that sounds good. And how often will I need to come in for fills?

Nail technician: We recommend getting fills every two to three weeks, as your natural nails grow out and the acrylic nails start to lift. This will help to maintain the look and longevity of your nails.

Customer: Thanks for the information. I'll think about it and let you know if I decide to go for it.

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