Thứ Tư, 24 tháng 2, 2021

Talking about Gadgets!



Part 1. Gadgets and technology


  1. What gadgets do you use in your everyday life?

  2. Which device do you prefer to use for browsing the Internet?

  3. Do you enjoy using the Internet?

  4. What are your favorite websites?

  5. Do you like to go shopping online?




Gadget  /ˈɡædʒɪt/


Example:

   Nowadays almost everybody owns a gadget.



Some popular gadgets:


Tablet computer





MP3 player




Hover board





Virtual reality headset





Drone (n)





Digital scale





Robot vacuum cleaners





Smart Faucet





Wireless speakers






Technology


Advanced technology


Technological (adj)


Technological trend



High tech /ˌhaɪˈtek/


Example:

   Some high tech solutions are less reliable than the basic technology they replace.



Vital /ˈvaɪt̬əl/(adj)=  extremely important


Example:

   Gadgets have become a vital part of our everyday life.



Tool /tuːl/


Example:

   Early humans made tools out of stone.




Smartphone  /ˈsmɑːrtfoʊn/


Example:

   I'm so proud of my new smartphone. It's the latest model of the iPhone.



Talking about Smartphone:




Laptop /ˈlæptɑːp/


Example:

   With a laptop, I can work almost anywhere as long as I have an internet connection.



Tablet /ˈtæblɪt/


Example:


   I don't have a tablet, because it's enough for me to have a smartphone for making calls and surfing the internet. And I better use a laptop to work or to watch a movie.



PC – personal computer  /ˌpiːˈsiː/


Example:

   I have a PC in my office at work, but prefer a laptop for home so that I can use it in different locations around the house.


Computer age


Geek /ˈɡik/ (n) # Nerd


Example:


He's such a geek.



To keep up with







Chic (adj) = stylist = high fashion




Devote (time) on doing something


Example:


Current affairs





Function


To keep someone informed of


To look up new words/ vocabularies



To go online





Time consuming (adj)


Harmful (adj)


Social media





To spread





Fake news






Screen time





To communicate


To access the information






Monitor /ˈmɒnɪtər/ 


Example:

   Doctors watched the old man's heartbeat on a monitor.



Screen  /skriːn/


Example:

   I spend most of the day working in front of a computer screen.



Keyboard /ˈkiːbɔːrd/


Example:

   She told us how easy it was to use the new computer and demonstrated it by pressing a few keys on the keyboard.



Mouse /maʊs/


Example:

   A mouse is a device which makes it easier to select different options from computer menus.



Cursor = pointer /ˈkɜrsər/


Example:

   You can move the cursor either by using the mouse or by using the arrow keys on the keyboard.



Disk drive  /ˈdɪsk ˌdraɪv/


Example:

   It happened several times in the disk drive industry as drives became smaller.


Charger  /ˈtʃɑːrdʒɚ/


Example:

   The battery in my laptop is almost empty. I need to find the charger quickly.



Speakers /ˈspikərz/


Example:

   We bought new speakers for our stereo system.



Headphones /ˈhedfoʊnz/ 


- Earphones /ˈɪrfoʊnz/


Example:

   I need to buy a new set of earphones, cause my old pair is broken.



Wire /waɪr/


Example:

   Don't touch those wires if you don't want to be hurt by electricity.




Wireless /ˈwaɪrləs/


Example:

   The computer comes with a wireless mouse and keyboard.



Software  /ˈsɑːftwer/


Example:

   Bella was able to create some amazing photographic effects after installing the new software on her computer.



Hardware  /ˈhɑːrdwer/


Example:

   Computer hardware includes the monitor, keyboard, disk drive, mouse and wiring.



Operating system /ˈɑːpəreɪt̬ɪŋ ˌsɪstəm/


Example:

   I chose to buy a laptop which is based on the Windows operating system.



To boot up – to start a computer.


Example:

   Please, boot up the computer and I’ll show you how to send an email.



To reboot /ˌriːˈbuːt/ = restart a computer


Example:

   If this doesn't work, close the program and reboot the system.



To switch sth on/off


Example:

   Everyone must switch off mobile phones till the end of the flight.



To plug in  /ˈplʌɡ ɪn/


Example:

   The keyboard plugs in at the back of the computer.



Innovation /ˌɪnəˈveɪʃən/


Example:

   I'm really interested in the latest innovations in computer and smartphone technologies.



AI /ˌeɪˈaɪ/ = artificial intelligence


Example:

   Although the development of AI still sounds like science fiction, some people believe there will come a time when computers will rule the world.



Up to date = updated = modern

  • to keep up to date


Example:

   We always keep our software up to date.



Outdated = not modern, old-fashioned /ˌaʊtˈdeɪt̬ɪd/


Example:

   Nowadays this technique is completely outdated.



To modify /ˈmɑːdɪfaɪ/


Example:

   It is possible to modify the keyboard to suit the individual user.



To upgrade  /ʌpˈɡreɪd/


Example:

   Every year my mobile phone company sends me emails with advice to upgrade my smartphone to the latest model.



To browse websites = to surf the web

- Browser (n)


Example:

   I spent a few hours browsing the websites today, until I found what I was looking for.


We have many browsers like like Firefox, Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Coc Coc...



To send an attachment  /əˈtætʃmənt/

- To attach


Example:

   My brother sent an attachment with his homework to his professor.


To access websites/email


Example:

   John accessed his email today to see if he had received any letters.



To back up files


Example:

   I had to back up files on my computer, because I was going to reinstall my operating system.

To be stuck behind a computer


Example:

   A lot of teenagers are stuck behind their computers all day long.



To face technical problems/difficulties


Example:

   I feel so helpless every time when i face any technical problems.



To check the connection /tʃek ðə kəˈnekʃən/


Example:

   If you cannot open a web page, you need to check the Internet connection.



The digital age /ˈdɪdʒət̬əl ˌeɪdʒ/


Example:

   Young people born in the digital age, as they’ve grown up with computers, find it easier to adapt to new technologies than older generations.



Questions:


  1. What gadgets do you have?

  2. How often do you use them? What for?

  3. What is better: a laptop or a computer?

  4. How long do you usually spend in front of a computer/laptop screen?

  5. What do you think about tablets? Are they necessary or useless?

  6. Do you use earphones? If yes, what kind of earphones do you have?

  7. What is your favourite operating system? Why do you like it?

  8. What do you usually do when you face technical problems?

  9. Do you back up files in case of a computer crash?

  10. Do you agree that gadgets have become a vital part of our life?

  11. Do you think that smartphones and computers are necessary tools but nothing more?

  12. Do you control gadgets or do they control you?

  13. Do you think gadgets help us to save or to waste the time?

  14. Do you try to keep up to date with the latest innovations?

  15. How often do you upgrade your smartphone/computer?

  16. Do you think in 10 or 20 years smartphones and computers will look the same way as they look now?

  17. Would you like to live in a modern house that was under control of a computer?

  18. Is there something that can be done by a computer better than by people?

  19. Can you agree that it's easier for young people to adapt to new technologies?

  20. Do you think AI will become our friend or enemy in the future?


More practice:

Describe your favorite gadget. 

You should say: 

What is it 
When did you get it 
How often do you use it 
and say why is it so important to you












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