Thứ Sáu, 4 tháng 12, 2020

Talking about Environment!

 Talking about Environment!


Acid rain /ˈæsɪd/

Atmosphere /ˈætməsfɪr/


a smoky/stuffy atmosphere

Biodegradable /ˌbaɪoʊdɪˈɡreɪdəbl/ # non biodegradable


Most plastics are not biodegradable

Climate /ˈklaɪmət/

Climate change

Contaminate /kənˈtæmɪneɪt/ (verb) = pollute

Contaminated (adjective) = polluted

Contamination (noun) = Pollution


contaminated food/soil

Polluted rivers/ beaches

Deforestation /ˌdiːˌfɔːrɪˈsteɪʃn/

Destroy (verb) = ruin = demolish

Destruction (noun)


The earthquake destroyed so many homes

To die out

Disappear /ˌdɪsəˈpɪr/ (noun)


Lucy watched his tall figure disappear into the cafe

Disaster /dɪˈzæstər/


tsunami disaster

a disaster area

Dry up (verb)


During the sunny season the river dried up

Dispose /dɪˈspəʊz/ (verb) = throw away = get rid of = Dump

Dumping ground

Rubbish /ˈrʌbɪʃ/ (noun)

Dust /dʌst/ (noun)

Endangered /ɪnˈdeɪndʒərd/ (adjective)

Endangered species


The sea turtle is an endangered species

Run out of


We ran out of fuel.

Cut down


People are cutting down so many trees

Throw away


I don't need that — you can throw it away

Energy conservation

Ecosystem /ˈiːkoʊsɪstəm/

Energy sources

Environment (noun) - Environmentalist /ɪnˌvaɪrənˈmentəlɪst/

Exhaust fumes /ɪɡˈzɔːst/ /fjuːmz/

Extinct /ɪkˈstɪŋkt/ (adjective) - Extinction /ɪkˈstɪŋkʃn/ (noun)


The red squirrel is in danger of becoming extinct in England

Fertilizer /ˈfɜːrtəlaɪzər/

Over fertilization

Flood /flʌd/

To harm

Harmful (adjective)


Smoking cigarettes is harmful to our health

Industrial waste /ɪnˈdʌstriəl/

To leak /liːk/


The roof was leaking

Natural resources

Oil slick

Oxygen /ˈɑːksɪdʒən/

Ozone layer /ˈleɪər/

Poison /ˈpɔɪzn/

Food poisoning

Power station

To preserve

Preservation (noun)

To prevent

Prevention (noun)

To protect

Protection (noun)

To purify /ˈpjʊrɪfaɪ/


Purify water

Renewable /rɪˈnuːəbl/ (adjective)

Reusable /ˌriːˈjuːzəbl/ (adjective)

Sea level

Smog /smɑːɡ/ = smoke + fog

Soil (noun)

Solar power /ˈsoʊlər/

To threaten /ˈθretn/

Toxic waste

Toxic waste dump

Urbanization /ˌɜːrbənəˈzeɪʃn/ (noun)

Waste separation /ˌsepəˈreɪʃn/

Wind energy

Wind park/wind farm



Global warming

Styrofoam /ˈstaɪrəfəʊm/ (noun)


Styrofoam boxes/ cups

Chemical waste


To recycle

Population (noun) - Overpopulation

Make one’s living

Warm up questions:

  1. Do you recycle the rubbish from your house?
  2. What are some things you can recycle?
  3. How often is garbage collected in your neighborhood?
  4. What are some types of pollution?
  5. What types of energy are popular in your country?
  6. Are there people in your country who make their living from picking-up other people's garbage?
  7. Do you have any ideas on how to minimize the use of plastic bags and Styrofoam boxes?
  8. In what ways can we save more water? Please tell your experiences.
  9. What are some things that your community is doing to help the environment?
  10. What can you do to reduce pollution in this country?

How to protect our environment!

Grow/plant more trees

Say “No” to plastics

Use public transportation

Save Electricity

Save or conserve Water

Do not litter your surroundings

Bring your own bags or reusable bags

Turn off your devices

Use a refillable water bottle and reusable lunch containers

Stop eating meat (or at least reduce it)

Grow your own food

Cut down on your energy use

Reduce the amount of paper in your life. Don’t Throw Your Notes/Books Away

Walk or Bike more. Drive a car or ride a motorbike less.



Borrow or fix rather than buy

How to protect our environment!

  1. Do you think overpopulation is an important environmental issue? Why or why not?
  2. Should gas for motorists be more expensive?
  3. What do you do to help the environment?
  4. What is the penalty for littering?
  5. What can you do to help prevent pollution?
  6. Which is more important, increasing people's standard of living, or protecting the environment? Think of a situation in your area involving this issue. Which side would you choose?
  7. Who do you think is more responsible for pollution, individual people or the government? Explain.
  8. What can large cities do to improve their air quality?
  9. What's happening to forests in the world?
  10. What can we do to protect forests?

Không có nhận xét nào:

Đăng nhận xét