Thứ Sáu, 4 tháng 12, 2020

Talking about Environment!

 Talking about Environment!

Vocabularies


Acid rain /ˈæsɪd/







Atmosphere /ˈætməsfɪr/


Example:


a smoky/stuffy atmosphere


Biodegradable /ˌbaɪoʊdɪˈɡreɪdəbl/ # non biodegradable


Example:


Most plastics are not biodegradable








Climate /ˈklaɪmət/


Climate change








Contaminate /kənˈtæmɪneɪt/ (verb) = pollute


Contaminated (adjective) = polluted


Contamination (noun) = Pollution


Example:


contaminated food/soil









Polluted rivers/ beaches








Deforestation /ˌdiːˌfɔːrɪˈsteɪʃn/







Destroy (verb) = ruin = demolish


Destruction (noun)


Example:


The earthquake destroyed so many homes








To die out








Disappear /ˌdɪsəˈpɪr/ (noun)


Example:


Lucy watched his tall figure disappear into the cafe


Disaster /dɪˈzæstər/


Example:


tsunami disaster


a disaster area






Dry up (verb)


Example:


During the sunny season the river dried up


Dispose /dɪˈspəʊz/ (verb) = throw away = get rid of = Dump


Dumping ground







Rubbish /ˈrʌbɪʃ/ (noun)







Dust /dʌst/ (noun)






Endangered /ɪnˈdeɪndʒərd/ (adjective)


Endangered species


Example:


The sea turtle is an endangered species







Run out of


Example:


We ran out of fuel.







Cut down


Example:


People are cutting down so many trees







Throw away


Example:


I don't need that — you can throw it away


Energy conservation









Ecosystem /ˈiːkoʊsɪstəm/








Energy sources









Environment (noun) - Environmentalist /ɪnˌvaɪrənˈmentəlɪst/


Exhaust fumes /ɪɡˈzɔːst/ /fjuːmz/







Extinct /ɪkˈstɪŋkt/ (adjective) - Extinction /ɪkˈstɪŋkʃn/ (noun)


Example:


The red squirrel is in danger of becoming extinct in England








Fertilizer /ˈfɜːrtəlaɪzər/






Over fertilization








Flood /flʌd/







To harm


Harmful (adjective)


Example:


Smoking cigarettes is harmful to our health


Industrial waste /ɪnˈdʌstriəl/







To leak /liːk/


Example:


The roof was leaking










Natural resources








Oil slick








Oxygen /ˈɑːksɪdʒən/








Ozone layer /ˈleɪər/








Poison /ˈpɔɪzn/






Food poisoning





Power station








To preserve


Preservation (noun)








To prevent


Prevention (noun)








To protect


Protection (noun)








To purify /ˈpjʊrɪfaɪ/


Example:


Purify water







Renewable /rɪˈnuːəbl/ (adjective)


Reusable /ˌriːˈjuːzəbl/ (adjective)








Sea level









Smog /smɑːɡ/ = smoke + fog








Soil (noun)








Solar power /ˈsoʊlər/











To threaten /ˈθretn/








Toxic waste


Toxic waste dump








Urbanization /ˌɜːrbənəˈzeɪʃn/ (noun)










Waste separation /ˌsepəˈreɪʃn/










Wind energy


Wind park/wind farm


Windmill











Littering


Global warming


Styrofoam /ˈstaɪrəfəʊm/ (noun)


Example:


Styrofoam boxes/ cups









Chemical waste








Recycling


To recycle








Population (noun) - Overpopulation


Make one’s living

Warm up questions:

  1. Do you recycle the rubbish from your house?
  2. What are some things you can recycle?
  3. How often is garbage collected in your neighborhood?
  4. What are some types of pollution?
  5. What types of energy are popular in your country?
  6. Are there people in your country who make their living from picking-up other people's garbage?
  7. Do you have any ideas on how to minimize the use of plastic bags and Styrofoam boxes?
  8. In what ways can we save more water? Please tell your experiences.
  9. What are some things that your community is doing to help the environment?
  10. What can you do to reduce pollution in this country?
How to protect our environment!
  1. Do you think overpopulation is an important environmental issue? Why or why not?
  2. Should gas for motorists be more expensive?
  3. What do you do to help the environment?
  4. What is the penalty for littering?
  5. What can you do to help prevent pollution?
  6. Which is more important, increasing people's standard of living, or protecting the environment? Think of a situation in your area involving this issue. Which side would you choose?
  7. Who do you think is more responsible for pollution, individual people or the government? Explain.
  8. What can large cities do to improve their air quality?
  9. What's happening to forests in the world?
  10. What can we do to protect forests?

How to protect our environment!


Grow/plant more trees




Say “No” to plastics




Use public transportation




Save Electricity






Save or conserve Water




Do not litter your surroundings




Bring your own bags or reusable bags




Turn off your devices






Use a refillable water bottle and reusable lunch containers




Stop eating meat (or at least reduce it)




Grow your own food




Cut down on your energy use






Reduce the amount of paper in your life. Don’t Throw Your Notes/Books Away




Walk or Bike more. Drive a car or ride a motorbike less.






Volunteer




Educate


Borrow or fix rather than buy

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