Thứ Năm, 17 tháng 12, 2020

Talking about Space, Stars and Planets!

 Planets, stars and space traveling 

  1. Do you know anything about Planets or solar system?

  2. Do you find it interesting to look at the stars?

  3. Do you like reading fantastic books or watching movies about space traveling?

  4. Do you want to be a space traveler?

  5. Do you believe that in the future we’ll be able to travel in space?

  6. Do you think traveling in space is safe or dangerous?

  7. Do you often wish on stars?

  8. Do you believe in aliens? Why or why not?

I. Vocabularies:

1. Solar system  /ˈsoʊlɚ ˌsɪstəm/


   Do you know how many planets in solar system?

2. Sun /sʌn/


   The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.

3. Planet  /ˈplæn.ɪt/


   Earth is the planet where we are living now.

4. Dwarf planet (noun)


Some of the dwarf planets are Pluto, Ceres, Eris...

5. Inner planets ## Outer Planets

*Names of 8 planets:

  • Mercury /ˈmɜːkjʊri/ 

  • Venus /ˈviːnəs/

  • Earth /ɜːθ/ or Living Earth

  • Mars /mɑːz/ 

  • Jupiter /ˈdʒuːpɪtər/

  • Saturn  /ˈsætən/ 

  • Uranus /ˈjʊrənəs/ 

  • Neptune /ˈneptjuːn/ 

Short questions about Solar System:

  1. How many planets are there in the Solar system?

  2. Do you know or remember their names? Which ones?

  3. What are the inner planets? and outer planets?

  4. Can you tell some names of Dwarf planets?

  5. Which is the hottest planet? and the coldest planet?

  6. Which planet are we living on?

6. Moon  /muːn/


   With a good telescope, you can see craters on the moon.

*Phases of the Moon:

New Moon

Waxing Crescent /ˈkresnt/

First Quarter

Waxing Gibbous /ˈɡɪbəs/

Full Moon

Waning Gibbous

Third Quarter

Waning Crescent

Short questions about the Moon:

1. Do you like watching Full Moon?
2. Do you like to travel to the moon?
3. Do you think in the future the scientists would build special hotels on the Moon for people to stay in?
4. Do you like moon cake? What's your favorite moon cake?

5. Do you celebrate Mid Autumn Festival in your country?

7. Star /stɑːr/


   We can see hundreds of stars in the clear sky.

8. Constellation /ˌkɑːnstəˈleɪʃən/


   The constellation Orion was first mentioned by Homer many years ago.

9. Zodiac /ˈzəʊdiæk/ 

Talking about Zodiac:

1. Aries /ˈeriːz/ - The Ram  
March 21 – April 19 
2. Taurus /ˈtɔːrəs/ - The Bull 
April 20 – May 20
3. Gemini /ˈdʒemɪni/ - The Twins  
May 21 – June 20
4. Cancer /ˈkænsər/ - The crab  
June 21 – July 22
5. Leo /ˈliːəʊ/ - The Lion 
July 23 – August 22
6. Virgo /ˈvɜːrɡəʊ/ - The Maiden 
August 23 – September 22
7. Libra /ˈliːbrə/ - The Scales
September 23 – October 22
8. Scorpion /ˈskɔːrpiən/ - The Scorpion
October 23 – November 22
9. Sagittarius /ˌsædʒɪˈteriəs/ - The Archer
November 23 – December 21
10. Capricorn /ˈkæprɪkɔːrn/ - The Goat
December 22 – January 19
11. Aquarius /əˈkweriəs/ - The Water-bearer
January 20 – February 18
12. Pisces /ˈpaɪsiːz/ - The Fish
February 19 – March 20

Personalities Traits of Zodiac Signs:

CAPRICORN (December 22nd – January 20th)

  • positive traits: persevering, determined, serious, taciturn, shrewd
  • negative traits: hard-hearted, obstinate, pessimistic

AQUARIUS (January 21st – February 19th)

  • positive traits: kind, reliable, loyal
  • negative traits: furious, unemotional

PISCES (February 20th – March 20th)

  • positive traits: sensitive, placid, cheerful, warm-hearted
  • negative traits: dreamy, restless, lack of self-confidence

ARIES (March 21st – April 20th)

  • positive traits: courageous, strength of will, industrious, enterprising
  • negative traits: moody, impatient, violent-tempered

TAURUS (April 21st – May 20th)

  • positive traits: self-confident, steadfast, energetic, tidy, kind
  • negative traits: obstinate, unforgiving, excessive

GEMINI (May 21st – June 21st)

  • positive traits: skillful, humorous, persuasive
  • negative traits: curious, restless, nervous, careless

CANCER (June 22nd – July 22nd)

  • positive traits: sensitive, reasonable, home-loving
  • negative traits: moody, irritable, domineering

LEO (July 23rd – August 23rd)

  • positive traits: self-confident, courageous, aristocratic, idealistic
  • negative traits: impulsive, domineering, hedonistic

VIRGO (August 24th – September 23rd)

  • positive traits: tidy, industrious, calm, a keen intelligence
  • negative traits: fault-finding, schoolmasterish, materialistic

LIBRA (September 24th – October 23rd)

  • positive traits: a feeling for beauty, wise, helpful, friendly
  • negative traits: erratic, indifferent, love of convenience

SCORPIO (October 24th – November 22nd)

  • positive traits: inquiring mind, determined, industrious
  • negative traits: vindictive, lacking self-control, compulsive, unforgiving

SAGITTARIUS (November 23rd – December 21st)

  • positive traits: openhearted, charitable, adventurous, enterprising
  • negative traits: restless, stubborn

Short questions about Stars and Zodiac:

1. Do you believe in star sign?

2. What's your Zodiac?

3. What does your Zodiac say about you? Do you agree with it?

4. Do you love watching Stars in the sky?

10. Space /speɪs/ (n)

- Spacious (adj)


   Who was the first human being in space?


11. Space station /ˈspeɪs ˌsteɪ.ʃən/


   Space station is a vehicle in which people can travel around the earth, outside its atmosphere, and do scientific tests.

12. Space exploration/ travel  /ˈspeɪs ˌekspləˈreɪʃən/

- To explore


   It was the period when everyone saw men in space as the most important thing of space exploration.

13. Spacesuit /ˈspeɪssuːt/


   To go outside the space station, you must wear a spacesuit.

14. Astronaut = outer man = spaceman/ spacewoman = space traveler



   Sending astronauts into space

15. Space rocket  /ˈspeɪs ˈrɑːkɪt/


   The space rocket soon disappeared into the sky.

16. Spacecraft /speɪsˌkræft/ = spaceship  /speɪs·ʃɪp/


   They found a strange spacecraft with nobody inside.

17. Spacefaring = space traveling  /ˈspeɪsˌferɪŋ/


   In that game players were given control of a spacefaring empire in the distant future.

18. Space junk /ˈspeɪs ˌdʒʌŋk/


   There is growing concern about the threat space junk poses to spacecraft.

19. Astronomy /əˈstrɑːnəmi/ (noun)

- Astronomer /əˈstrɑːnəmɚ/(noun)


   Astronomers continue to discover new stars.

20. To observe /əbˈzɝːv/

- Observation (noun)


   I like to observe the stars in the sky.

21. Telescope /ˈtelɪskəʊp/ (noun)


to look at the stars through a telescope

22. To launch  /lɑːntʃ/


   They launched a rocket to the planet Venus.

23. Fuel /ˈfjuːəl/


   Wood, coal, oil and gas are all different kinds of fuel.

24. Universe /ˈjuːnɪvɜːrs/


   Is there intelligent life elsewhere in the universe?

25. Satellite  /ˈsæt̬əlaɪt/


   The moon is Earth's satellite.

26. Globe /ɡloʊb/(n)

- Global /ˈɡləʊbl/ (adj) - Global economy


  1. She is a superstar all around the globe.

  2. Let's spin the globe to find Vietnam on it.

27. Meteor /ˈmiːtiər/


   We saw what must have been a very low and bright meteor.

28. Meteor shower


   Her attention was caught on the falling stars of the meteor shower.

29. Meteorite  /ˈmit̬iəˌrɑɪt/


   Mr Robinson's mother was hit by a meteorite.

30. Comet /ˈkɑːmɪt/

31. Asteroid /ˈæstərɔɪd/

any one of the many small planets that go around the sun

32. Asteroid belt


    Most meteorites are thought to come from the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.

33. Crater /ˈkreɪtər/


   This is the world's largest and oldest meteorite crater.

34. Surface /ˈsɜːrfɪs/


   Tropical rain forests used to cover ten percent of the earth's surface.

35. Carbon dioxide /ˌkɑːrbən daɪˈɑːksaɪd/


   There has been a sudden and worrying rise in the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

36. Oxygen  /ˈɑːksɪdʒən/


   Plants are the main source of atmospheric oxygen.

37. Ozone layer /ˈəʊzəʊn leɪə(r)/


   The ozone layer is a thin part of the Earth's atmosphere that absorbs almost all of the sun's harmful ultraviolet light.

38. Atmosphere /ˈætməsfɪr/


   The Wind power doesn't release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.

39. Galaxy /ˈɡæləksi/


   Scientists observing phenomena in nearby galaxies

40. The Milky Way  /ˌmɪlki ˈweɪ/ = the Galaxies


   The Milky Way is the system of stars that contains our sun and its planets

41. Explosion /ɪkˈsploʊʒən/ (noun)

- To explode

- Explosive (adj)


   The fire was caused by a gas explosion.

42. Gravity  /ˈɡrævət̬i/


   He won't break the law of gravity: he'll only prove it.

43. Gravitation /ˌɡrævəˈteɪʃən/


   The Moon is moving around our planet because of the Earth's gravitation.

44. Habitable /ˈhæbɪtəbl/= Inhabitable ## uninhabitable /ˌʌnɪnˈhæbɪtəbl/


   1) Some areas of the country are just too cold to be habitable.

   2) If there's no roof then the house is uninhabitable.

45. To hypothesize  /haɪˈpɑːθəsaɪz/

- hypothesis (noun)


   This discovery led experts to hypothesize a different path of evolution for early man.

46. Countdown  /ˈkaʊntdaʊn/ (noun)


   The countdown to the rocket launch will begin at 9.00 a.m.

47. Weightlessness /ˈweɪtləsnəs/ (noun)


   The scientists can simulate rocket mode and make it possible to experience the feeling of weightlessness and flying.

48. Protective equipment /prəˈtektɪv ɪˈkwɪpmənt/


   The astronauts have their protective equipment a final check before setting off.

49. Alien  /ˈeɪliən/


   She was expecting some sort of monster-like aliens to inhabit that scary looking planet.

The big bang theory  /ˌbɪɡ ˈbæŋ ˌθiəri/


   According to the big bang theory, the universe began with a very large explosion of a single mass of matter.

Black hole  /ˌblæk ˈhoʊl/


   A black hole is a region of spacetime where gravity is so strong that nothing, even  light, can escape from it.

Useful phrases:

To set foot on


   Neil Armstrong was the first person to set foot on the surface of the moon.

To revolve around sb/sth /rɪˈvɑːlv/


   His whole life revolves around football.

To explore worlds beyond our own



   His dream was to explore worlds beyond our own in order to find another form of life.


  1. What is the difference between the Earth and the Sun?

  2. What do you know about the Moon?

  3. Why is the Moon sometimes bright, and sometimes dark?

  4. Have you ever looked at the Moon or the stars through a telescope? If not, do you want to try?

  5. Do you know any constellations? Which ones?

  6. What do satellites do? How would our lives be different without them?

  7. Who was the first man in space? The first woman?

  8. Do you think it’s easy to be an astronaut? Why or why not?

  9. Do you want to try the feeling of weightlessness?

  10. What are good and bad things about spacefaring?

  11. Do you think that people will be able to travel in space in the distant future?

  12. Do you like to watch movies or read books about space and spacefaring? Why or why not?

  13. Do you think there is an intelligent life on other planets? 

  14. What would you say to an alien if you met one?

  15. Would you like to go to the moon or travel into space?  Why or why not?

  16. What small personal item would you take with you on a journey into space if you had a chance?

  17. Would you agree to help colonize a planet if you knew you couldn’t come back to earth?

  18. Should students learn more about space in school? Why or why not?

  19. Should the government spend more money on exploring worlds beyond our own? Why or why not?

  20. Do you think that space exploration can save human beings from extinction?

  21. What do you think of the idea that we could escape into space if (or when) the earth becomes uninhabitable for whatever reason?

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