Thứ Năm, 17 tháng 12, 2020

Talking about Space, Stars and Planets!

 Planets, stars and space travelling 


  1. Do you know anything about the planets or the Solar system?

  2. Do you find it interesting to look at the stars?

  3. Do you like reading fantastic books or watching movies about space traveling?

  4. Do you want to be a space traveller?

  5. Do you believe that in the future we’ll be able to travel in space?



Vocabularies:


Space /speɪs/

Example:

   Who was the first human being in space?

 


Inner space ## Outer space /ˈɪnɚ ˈspeɪs/  /ˌaʊt̬ɚ ˈspeɪs/

Example:

   The film was about creatures from outer space.


Universe /ˈjuːnəvɝːs/

Example:

   Is there intelligent life elsewhere in the universe?


Galaxy /ˈɡæləksi/

Example:

   It is impossible same as humans walking the surface of the planets of distant galaxies.


Solar system  /ˈsoʊlɚ ˌsɪstəm/

Example:

   Beyond the limits of the solar system, we can only watch from a distance.


the Milky Way  /ˌmɪlki ˈweɪ/

Example:

   The Milky Way is the galaxy that contains our Solar System, with the name describing the galaxy's appearance from Earth.


Matter /ˈmæt̬ɚ/ ## dark matter 

Example:

   How much matter is there in the entire universe? Scientists are not absolutely sure.


Explosion /ɪkˈsploʊʒən/

Example:

   The fire was caused by a gas explosion.


The big bang theory  /ˌbɪɡ ˈbæŋ ˌθiəri/

Example:

   According to the big bang theory, the universe began with a very large explosion of a single mass of matter.


Black hole  /ˌblæk ˈhoʊl/

Example:

   A black hole is a region of spacetime where gravity is so strong that nothing, even  light, can escape from it.


Meteor /ˈmiːt̬iɔːr/

Example:

   We saw what must have been a very low, very bright meteor.


Meteor shower

Example:

   Her attention was caught on the falling stars of the meteor shower.


Meteorite  /ˈmit̬iəˌrɑɪt/

Example:

   Mr Robinson's mother was hit by a meteorite.


Asteroid /ˈæstərɔɪd/

Example:

   Saturday 's mission was to collect samples of the asteroid 's surface materials.


Asteroid belt

Example:

    Most meteorites are thought to come from the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.


Crater /ˈkreɪ.t̬ɚ/

Example:

   This is the world's largest and oldest meteorite impact crater.


Surface /ˈsɜrfəs/

Example:

   Tropical rain forests used to cover ten percent of the earth's surface.


Heavily-cratered surface

Example:

   Mercury is a planet with a heavily-cratered surface similar in appearance to Earth's Moon.


Atmosphere /ˈætməsfɪr/

Example:

   The search for planets with a breathable atmosphere is one of the most popular dreams of scientists all over the world.


Gravity  /ˈɡrævət̬i/

Example:

   He won't be breaking the law of gravity: he'll only prove it.


Gravitation /ˌɡrævəˈteɪʃən/

Example:

   The Moon is moving around our planet because of the Earth's gravitation.



Carbon dioxide /ˌkɑːrbən daɪˈɑːksaɪd/

Example:

   There has been a sudden and worrying rise in the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.


Oxygen  /ˈɑːksɪdʒən/

Example:

   Plants are the main source of atmospheric oxygen.


Ozone layer /ˈoʊzoʊn ˌleɪɚ/

Example:

   The ozone layer is a thin part of the Earth's atmosphere that absorbs almost all of the sun's harmful ultraviolet light.


Planet  /ˈplæn.ɪt/

Example:

   I think it's still not too late to repair the damage we have done to our planet.


Names of planets:

  • Mercury /ˈmɜːkjʊri/ 

  • Venus /ˈviːnəs/

  • Earth /ɜːθ/

  • Mars /mɑːz/ 

  • Jupiter /ˈdʒuːpɪtər/

  • Saturn  /ˈsætən/ 

  • Uranus /ˈjʊərənəs/ 

  • Neptune /ˈneptjuːn/ 


Globe /ɡloʊb/

Example:

  1. She is a superstar all around the globe.

  2. Let's spin the globe to find Vietnam on it.


Sun /sʌn/

Example:

   The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.


Star /stɑːr/

Example:

   We can see hundreds of stars in the clear desert sky.


Constellation /ˌkɑːnstəˈleɪʃən/

Example:

   The constellation Orion was first mentioned by Homer many years ago.


Moon  /muːn/

Example:

   With a good telescope, you can see craters on the moon.


Satellite  /ˈsæt̬əlaɪt/

Example:

   The moon is Earth's satellite.


To revolve around sb/sth /rɪˈvɑːlv/

Example:

   His whole life revolves around football.


Astronomer /əˈstrɑːnəmɚ/

Example:

   Astronomer comes from the Latin word astra, which means stars.


To observe /əbˈzɝːv/

Example:

   The satellite will observe objects that are particularly interesting astronomically.


Space station /ˈspeɪs ˌsteɪ.ʃən/

Example:

   Space station is a vehicle in which people can travel around the earth, outside its atmosphere, and do scientific tests.


Space exploration/ travel  /ˈspeɪs ˌekspləˈreɪʃən/

Example:

   It was the period when everyone saw men in space as the most important thing of space exploration.


To explore worlds beyond our own 

Example:

   His dream was to explore worlds beyond our own in order to find another form of life.


Uncharted  territory  /ʌnˈtʃɑːrt̬ɪd/

Example:

   That was the uncharted territory that attracted both scientists and space travellers.


Habitable (=inhabitable) ## uninhabitable /ˈhæbɪt̬əbəl/ /ˌʌnɪnˈhæbət̬əbəl/

Example:

   1) Some areas of the country are just too cold to be habitable.

   2) If there's no roof then the house is uninhabitable.


Terrestrial planet /təˈrestriəl plænɪt/

  •  the search for terrestrial planets

Example:

   Some scientists are still keen on researching the possibility of life on other terrestrial planets.


To hypothesize  /haɪˈpɑːθəsaɪz/

Example:

   This discovery led experts to hypothesize a different path of evolution for early man.


To set foot on

Example:

   Neil Armstrong was the first person to set foot on the surface of the moon.


Astronaut = outer man = spaceman = space traveller /ˈæstrənɑːt/

Example:

   A major challenge for astronauts is the low-gravity, or micro-gravity environment, which means they must re-learn how to move the body.


Space rocket  /ˈspeɪs ˈrɑːkɪt/

Example:

   The space rocket soon disappeared into the sky.


To launch  /lɑːntʃ/

Example:

   They launched a rocket to the planet Venus.


Countdown  /ˈkaʊntdaʊn/

Example:

   The countdown to the rocket launch will begin at 9.00 a.m.


Space probe /ˈspeɪs ˌproʊb/

Example:

   It was the first space probe to provide detailed images of the two largest planets and their major moons.


Flyby  /ˈflaɪbaɪ/

Example:

   The pictures were taken during the spacecraft's 25-minute flyby of the asteroid.


Spacecraft = spaceship  /speɪsˌkræft/ /speɪs·ʃɪp/

Example:

   They found a strange spacecraft with nobody inside.


Fuel /ˈfjuːəl/

Example:

   Wood, coal, oil, petrol, and gas are all different kinds of fuel.


Spacefaring = space traveling  /ˈspeɪsˌferɪŋ/

Example:

   In that game players were given control of a spacefaring empire in the distant future.


Hyperspace /hī'pərspās'/

  • hyperspace jump

Example:

   As the Alliance's ships get out of hyperspace, they are attacked by Imperial fighters.


Weightlessness /ˈweɪtləsnəs/

Example:

   The scientists can simulate rocket mode and make it possible to experience the feeling of weightlessness and flying.


Protective equipment /prəˈtektɪv ɪˈkwɪpmənt/

Example:

   The astronauts have their protective equipment a final check before setting off.


Spacesuit /ˈspeɪssuːt/

Example:

   To go outside the space station, you must wear a spacesuit.


Exposure to radiation /ɪkˈspoʊʒɚ tu reɪdiˈeɪʃən/

Example:

   Even a short exposure to radiation is very dangerous.


Space junk /ˈspeɪs ˌdʒʌŋk/

Example:

   The space station Mir became the largest piece of space junk ever to fall to Earth.


Alien  /ˈeɪliən/

Example:

   She was expecting some sort of monster-like aliens to inhabit that scary looking planet.



Questions:

  1. How many planets are there in our Solar system?

  2. Do you know their names? Which ones?

  3. What is the difference between the Earth and the Sun?

  4. What do you know about the Moon?

  5. Why is the Moon sometimes bright, and sometimes dark?

  6. Have you ever looked at the Moon or the stars through a telescope? If not, do you want to try?

  7. Do you wish on stars?

  8. Do you know any constellations? Which ones?

  9. What do satellites do? How would our lives be different without them?

  10. Who was the first man in space? The first woman?

  11. Do you think it’s easy to be an astronaut? Why or why not?

  12. Do you want to try the feeling of weightlessness?

  13. Do you think traveling in space is safe or dangerous? 

  14. What are good and bad things about spacefaring?

  15. Do you think that people will be able to travel in space in the distant future?

  16. Do you like to watch movies or read books about space and spacefaring? Why or why not?

  17. Do you think there is an intelligent life on other planets? 

  18. If we were to find intelligent aliens, would we be able to communicate with them?

  19. What would you say to an alien if you met one?

  20. How do you think people would react if aliens came to visit us?

  21. If aliens have already visited us, why have they not contacted us openly?

  22. Do you think the government should tell us the truth if they get in touch with the aliens? Why should governments want to hide this information?

  23. Would you like to go to the moon or travel into space?  Why or why not?

  24. What small personal item would you take with you on a journey into space if you had a chance?

  25. Would you agree to help colonize a planet if you knew you couldn’t come back to earth?

  26. Should students learn more about space in school? Why or why not?

  27. Should the government spend more money to explore worlds beyond our own? Why or why not?

  28. What do you think of your country’s involvement in space?

  29. Do you think that space exploration can save human beings from extinction?

  30. What do you think of the idea that we could escape into space if (or when) the earth becomes uninhabitable for whatever reason?

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